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特别推荐第八期:清代画家马泉作品赏析

来源:未知  发表时间:2020-10-18 00:45:54

马泉,字清源,别名博熙;中国当代著名书画家,诗人,一九三八年生,山西清徐人。中国北京画院一级美术 师。1957年中央美术学院附中首届毕业生,1962年中央美术学院国画系毕业。同年到北京中国画院进修两年,结业后留院创作。擅长中国人物画,精于工笔重彩,兼能国画、山水、花鸟、篆刻及水彩画。从1957年起参加全国省、市级以上各种画展300多次,并多次在香港、日本、法国、美国、加拿大、东南亚、东欧等处展出。作品为国内外200多个博物馆、纪念馆、画院及海外画廊收藏,并多次获奖。多次举办个人画展及个人水彩画展。

Ma Quan was born in Qingxu, Shanxi Province in 1938. First class artist of Beijing Painting Academy, China. In 1957, he graduated from the First Affiliated Middle School of the Central Academy of fine arts, and in 1962 he graduated from the Department of Chinese painting of the Central Academy of fine arts. In the same year, he went to Beijing Chinese Academy of painting for two years and stayed in the academy to create after graduation. He is good at Chinese figure painting. He is good at Chinese painting, landscape painting, flowers and birds, seal cutting and watercolor painting. Since 1957, he has participated in more than 300 exhibitions at provincial and municipal levels, and has exhibited in Hong Kong, Japan, France, the United States, Canada, Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe. His works have been collected by more than 200 museums, memorials, art academies and overseas galleries at home and abroad. He has held many individual exhibitions and watercolor exhibitions.

 

代表作有《还我河山》、《黄河之水天上来》、《秋爽斋》、《书香》、《同绘丹青为人民》,及历史画《河间大捷》、《中国人民站起来了》等。所作工笔重彩人物画则结合西画技法,力求新内容和新的时代气息,并把反映现实生活作为创作重点,所作写意历史人物画重诗情画意,画风潇洒、清新,线条流畅,别具一格。个人创作出版专集有《马泉国画作品集》、《马泉水彩集》等4种,及个人艺术传《艺苑驰骋》。1986年、1988年两次访问美国,讲学于纽约市立大学,丕士大学、费城摩尔艺术大学,并在美国旧金山举办个人诗词书画展。现为中国美术家协会会员、北京画院一级美术师、中国书画社理事、中华老人文化交流促进会理事、北京诗词学会顾问、美国旧金山中华文化艺术研究院顾问。简介及艺术简历分别收录在《中国现代美术家人名大辞典》、《当代书画篆刻家辞典》、美国传记中心《世界名人传》、英国剑桥《世界名人录》等20多部美术大辞典中。

His representative works include "returning my River and mountain", "the water of the Yellow River comes up from the sky", "autumn cool studio", "the fragrance of books", "painting paintings for the people", and the historical paintings "great victory between the rivers" and "the Chinese people stand up". His fine brushwork and heavy color figure paintings combine western painting techniques to strive for new content and new flavor of the times, and take the reflection of real life as the key point of creation. His freehand historical figure paintings attach importance to poetic and picturesque style, and the painting style is natural and fresh, and the lines are smooth and unique. There are four kinds of monographs, such as Maquan traditional Chinese painting works collection and Maquan water color collection, and personal art biography "art garden gallop". He visited the United States twice in 1986 and 1988, lecturing at the City University of New York, pish University and Moore University of art in Philadelphia, and held a personal poetry, calligraphy and painting exhibition in San Francisco, USA. He is now a member of China Artists Association, a first-class artist of Beijing Painting Academy, director of Chinese calligraphy and painting society, director of Chinese elderly Cultural Exchange Promotion Association, consultant of Beijing poetry society, and consultant of Chinese culture and Art Research Institute in San Francisco. The introduction and art resume are respectively included in more than 20 art dictionaries, such as the dictionary of names of modern Chinese artists, dictionary of contemporary calligraphy, painting and Seal Engravers, biography of world celebrities by American Biography center, and world who's who in Cambridge, UK.

马泉先生在长期的艺术实践中,将传统国画的笔墨,融汇西画素描和水彩画的表现手法,形成了自己的特有 的写实画风,在工笔重彩绘画中独特一帜。其写意人物画,也是清新秀逸,潇洒自如。不仅如此,在国画山水、花卉、书法等方面也均有建树。可以说马泉先生是一位全面发展的画家,也是上世纪60年代成长起来的新中国第一批国画家中的佼佼者。马泉在艺术园地耕耘了近60个春秋在不同的历史时期,紧扣时代的脉搏,创作出许多有影响的作品。1953年作为新中国第一届美院附中的学员,马泉聆听了徐悲鸿院长的《新中国的美术事业,将从你们开始》的开学祝词。1957年马泉先生以优异的成绩升入中央美术学院国画系,大学期间直接受到艺术大师蒋兆和、叶浅予、李可染、李苦禅、刘凌沧等先生的教导与熏陶。在学院学习期间,马泉先生就参加了“北京市美术作品展”,展后其山水作品《谐趣园》、人物作品《大字报》分别为北京市美协、吉林省博物馆收藏。

In his long-term artistic practice, Mr. Ma Quan combined traditional Chinese painting with Western painting sketch and watercolor painting, forming his own unique realistic painting style, which is unique in meticulous and heavy color painting. Its freehand figure painting is also fresh and elegant, natural and unrestrained. It is not only in calligraphy, but also in Chinese painting. It can be said that Mr. Ma Quan is an all-round painter, and he is also one of the first batch of Chinese painters who grew up in the 1960s. Ma Quan has been working in the art garden for nearly 60 years. In different historical periods, Ma Quan has created many influential works in keeping with the pulse of the times. In 1953, as a student of the first high school affiliated to the Academy of fine arts of new China, Ma Quan listened to the opening congratulation of president Xu Beihong's "art career in New China will start from you". In 1957, Mr. Ma Quan was promoted to the Department of traditional Chinese painting of the Central Academy of fine arts with outstanding achievements. During his university, he was directly taught and influenced by art masters such as Jiang Zhaohe, ye Qianyu, Li Keran, Li kuchan and Liu lingcang. During his study in the college, Mr. Ma Quan participated in the "Beijing Art Works Exhibition". After the exhibition, his landscape works "humorous garden" and his figure work "big character newspaper" were collected by Beijing Art Association and Jilin Provincial Museum respectively.

1962年马泉先生以描绘岳飞收复故土为内容的巨幅毕业创作《还我河山》,获全班人物创作最高分。后被人民美术出版社选中,大量印刷发行全国。他到北京中国画院工作后,创作的《背篓商店》组画、《毛主席夸咱枪法好》等作品又被报刊连载和出版发行。辛勤终获丰收,画坛崭露头角。但成绩并未使他停步。为进一步提高国画技能,他还完整地临摹了《八十七神仙卷》、《搜山图》、《群仙祝寿图》等,以精研中国画用线造型的多种表现手法和多种规律。不久,马泉先生应湖南省博物馆,屈原纪念馆的收藏需要创作了《九歌》白描作品。1964年春,国画大师刘凌沧和刘继卣先生以及晏少翔、姚增补等人共同参加了大型工笔重彩 《红楼梦》组画这一具有历史意义的集体创作,马泉先生是其中最年轻的一位。1964年金秋,大型《红楼梦》组画在故宫武英殿及日本、 越南、香港等国家和地区展出后,引起极大反响。

In 1962, Mr. Ma Quan's graduation work "returning my River and mountain" with the content of depicting Yue Fei's recovery of his hometown won the highest score in the class's character creation. Later, it was selected by the people's fine arts publishing house and printed and distributed in large quantities throughout the country. After he worked in Beijing Chinese Academy of painting, his works such as "back basket shop" and Chairman Mao's praise of our good shooting skills were serialized and published in newspapers and periodicals. Hard work eventually reaped a good harvest, and the painting world came to the fore. But the results did not stop him. In order to further improve the skills of traditional Chinese painting, he also copied the scroll of eighty-seven immortals, the painting of searching mountains, and the painting of celebrating the birthday of group immortals. Soon, Mr. Ma Quan created the line drawing works of "Nine Songs" for the collection of Hunan Provincial Museum and Qu Yuan Memorial Hall. In the spring of 1964, Chinese painting masters Liu lingcang and Mr. Liu Jiyou, Yan Shaoxiang, Yao Zengzi and others participated in the large-scale group painting of a dream of Red Mansions, which is of historical significance. Mr. Ma Quan is the youngest of them. In the golden autumn of 1964, the large-scale series of paintings of a dream of red mansions were exhibited in Wuying Hall of the Forbidden City, Japan, Vietnam, Hong Kong and other countries and regions, causing great repercussions.

 

“文革”结束后,马泉迎来了创作的高峰,到1987年的10年中他已参加过全国性和北京市以及海外画展140次,创作了千幅的作品,这一时期的重要创作很多,如 《中国人民站起来了》、《中南海之春》、《根据伟大的战略部署》等,更多的创作题材是反映英雄模范人物和他们在平凡岗位上的先进业绩。1986年、1988年马先生应邀两次访美,讲学于纽约市立大学、丕士大学,并于旧金山举办个人诗书画印展,还在美国《星岛日报》、《北美时报》、《中报》及纽约“中外美术家座谈会”上,宣传介绍了中国的民族绘画艺术发展史及其特点。并在纽约“奥本贷图书馆”作了国画工笔画技法的示范。多年以来,马泉先生相继创作了许多幅“红楼梦”文学作品的创作,如工笔巨幅《秋爽斋》、《春暮幽思》等,尤以《听琴》一画耐人寻味。在深入革命根据地延安、井冈山后,创作了《育新人》、《雨露滋润禾苗壮》、《中流砥柱》、《晚归》、《桑弘羊》等作品。

After the "Cultural Revolution", Ma Quan ushered in the peak of his creation. In the 10 years since 1987, he has participated in 140 national, Beijing and overseas art exhibitions and created thousands of works "The Chinese people stand up", "spring in Zhongnanhai" and "according to the great strategic deployment" are more creative themes reflecting heroes and models and their advanced achievements in ordinary posts. In 1986 and 1988, Mr. Ma visited the United States twice on invitation. He lectured at the City University of New York and pish University. He also held a personal exhibition of poetry, calligraphy and painting in San Francisco. He also publicized and introduced the development history and characteristics of Chinese national painting art in the "Star Island Daily", "North America times", "China Daily" and "Chinese artists forum" in New York. And in New York "Auburn loan library" made a demonstration of traditional Chinese painting meticulous painting techniques. Over the years, Mr. Ma Quan has created many "dream of Red Mansions" literary works, such as the meticulous giant "autumn shuangzhai" and "spring dusk Yousi", especially the "listening to the piano" is thought-provoking. After going deep into the revolutionary base areas of Yan'an and Jinggangshan, he created works such as "educating new people", "rain and dew moistening seedlings and Zhuang", "mainstay", "returning late", "sanghongyang".

马泉先生在积极反映现实的同时,还创作了大量历史题材的作品。“李白”、“杜甫”、“白居易”、“李清照”、“李自成”、“于成龙”、“林则徐”等,巨幅作品有“河间大捷”及《黄河之水天上来》,该画在中国美术馆、日本东京展出时,令许多观众叹为观止。此外还有为书刊,课本等绘制的插图上百幅。近两年来,他正精心创作《水浒白描人物长卷》,借表达古典文学中的不屈不挠的英雄行径,来抒发拼搏、进取和浩然正气的中华精神。马泉先生前后参加全国、省市级以上画展三百多次,并多次获金、银、铜奖,多次举办个人画展。作品被国外艺术馆、博物馆、纪念馆200多处收藏。

Mr. Ma Quan not only reflects the reality, but also creates a large number of historical works. "Li Bai", "Du Fu", "Bai Juyi", "Li Qingzhao", "Li Zicheng", "Yu Chenglong" and "Lin Zexu", etc. the giant works include "the great victory between the rivers" and "the water of the Yellow River comes from the sky". When the painting was exhibited in the Chinese Art Museum and Tokyo, Japan, many audiences were amazed. In addition, there are hundreds of illustrations for books, magazines, textbooks, etc. In the past two years, he has been elaborately creating the long volume of Water Margin's line drawing characters, which expresses the indomitable heroic behavior in classical literature to express the Chinese spirit of struggle, enterprising and noble and upright spirit. Mr. Ma Quan has participated in more than 300 national, provincial and municipal art exhibitions. He has won gold, silver and bronze awards for many times, and has held many individual art exhibitions. His works have been collected in more than 200 foreign art museums, museums and memorials.

 

马泉先生精于书法,无论真、草、隶、篆,皆能信手捏来,并且极其潇洒。马先生在画作上题字,不但言简意赅,而且更具功力。在他的一张两米长的画作上题字,从头到底,漂亮的文字排成一条竖线,笔直不弯。马先生的篆字极见功夫,用刀刚柔并济,章法疏密有致,在雄浑中透者清新秀丽,不求狂怪,只求平朴,可以说马先生的作品显示出了古雅风韵。

Mr. Ma Quan is good at calligraphy. He can make all kinds of calligraphy, such as Zhen, Cao, Li and Zhuan, and he is very natural and unrestrained. Mr. Ma's inscriptions on his paintings are not only concise and comprehensive, but also more powerful. In one of his two meter long painting, inscription, from the beginning to the end, beautiful text arranged in a vertical line, straight and straight. Mr. Ma's seal characters are very Kung Fu. He uses both hardness and softness with his knife. His composition is dense and delicate. He is fresh and beautiful in his vigour. He does not seek madness and strangeness, but is plain and simple. It can be said that Mr. Ma's works show ancient elegance.

 

 

 

 

 

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